python selenium

Python

driver.current_url()
driver.getPageSource().contains("Example");
driver.findElement(By.id("Price")).getText()
driver.findElement(By.id("Price")).getAttribute("val");
driver.findElement(By.id("Price")).isEnabled()

크롬, IE

from selenium import webdriver

driver_path=' '
driver.webdriver.Chrome(driver_path) #Chrome
driver.webdriver.Ie(driver_path) #IE

FireFox

https://github.com/mozilla/geckodriver/releases/

from selenium.webdriver.firefox.options import Options
firefox_options = Options()
user_agent = '--user-agent=Mozilla/5.0 (iPhone; CPU iPhone OS 10_3 like Mac OS X) AppleWebKit/602.1.50 (KHTML, like Gecko) CriOS/56.0.2924.75 Mobile/14E5239e Safari/602.1'
profile = webdriver.FirefoxProfile()
profile.set_preference("general.useragent.override", user_agent)
firefox_driver = "c:\\geckodriver.exe"
driver = webdriver.Firefox(executable_path=firefox_driver, firefox_profile=profile)

xpath

self.driver.find_element_by_xpath('/html/body/div/div[4]/form/div[2]/div[1]/div[3]/center/input[1]')
a[@class='name']

팝업, 새창 제어

handling new window(pop-up)

current_window_handle = driver.current_window_handle
while len(driver.window_handles) == 1:
  time.sleep(1)
window.handles = driver.window_handles
driver.switch_to.window(window_handles[1])
print(driver.title)

iframe 안 참조하기

driver.switch_to.frame( driver.find_element_by.....(프레임) )

driver.switch_to.default_content()

Select / option

from selenium.webdriver.support.ui import Select
unit_option = driver.find_element_by_id('selectbox'+str(idx if idx == 1 else idx+1)+'_input_0')
Select(unit_option).select_by_visible_text('백만원')
show_btn = driver.find_element_by_id('btn_anchor'+str(idx))
show_btn.click()

Clickable 핸들링하기

로딩 전에 클릭이 안될 때가 있음

from selenium.webdriver.common.by import By
from selenium.webdriver.support.ui import WebDriverWait
from selenium.webdriver.support import expected_conditions as EC

WebDriverWait(driver,20).until(EC.element_to_be_clickable((By.ClassName, "imgover)))

alert, msgbox 핸들링

from selenium.webdriver.common.by import By
from selenium.webdriver.support.ui import WebDriverWait
from selenium.webdrvier.support import expected_conditions as EC

WebDriver.Wait(driver,20).until( EC.alert_is_present() )
driver.switch_to.alert.accept()

# alert 클릭하면 창이 닫힐 때, 원래 창으로 돌아가기
driver.switch_to.window(driver.window_handles[0])

로딩 기다리기

while True:
  try:
    if 로딩조건
      break
    else:
      time.sleep(0.5)
  except ValueError:
    time.sleep(0.5)

    
#TIP
driver.find_element_by_name('ProgressBar').value_of_css_property('display') == True

여러개 뜰 때, 뜰때까지 기다렸다가, 꺼질때까지

def wait_msgs(driver, num_msg):
    is_first = 1
    was_opened = False
    driver.switch_to.frame(driver.find_element_by_name('FRAME_MATRIX'))
    driver.switch_to.frame(driver.find_element_by_name('FRAME_MATRIX'))
    while True:
        progress_bar = driver.find_element_by_name('ProgressBar').value_of_css_property("display")
        is_visible = progress_bar != 'none'

        if is_visible:
            if not was_opened:
                print(str(is_first)+"-opened")
                was_opened = True
        else:
            if is_first > num_msg:
                break
            if not was_opened:  # 아직 안열렸으면
                print("wait for "+str(is_first)+ " to open")
                continue
            else:
                was_opened = False
                print(str(is_first)+"-closed")
                is_first += 1
        driver.implicitly_wait(1)
    driver.switch_to.default_content()
    #driver.switch_to.default_content()

clusterize.js 사용한 페이지 크롤링

while (스크롤 높이와 scrollHeight와 비교) - if( tr 이 바뀔 때 ) - 스크롤( height*iter )

- 스크롤시 약간의 sleep을 줘야 함 (https://stackoverflow.com/questions/27003423/python-selenium-stale-element-fix)

- exception 처리 http://allselenium.info/handle-stale-element-reference-exception-python-selenium/

driver.execute_script('return //clusterize1//.getRowsAmount()') #clusterize 는 페이지 내 객체명 #총 개수
driver.execute_script('return clusterize1.getScrollProgress()')  # 얼마나 스크롤 했는지
driver.execute_script('document.getElementById(//"Container"//).scrollTop = 500') #스크롤하기

Enter your comment:
F T C᠎ K G